Category: Automotive History
History of the Honda Motor Automobile Company. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. is a Japanese public multinational company of Japan, primarily recognized as a manufacturer of motorcycles, automobiles and power equipment. Since 1959, the business has been the world's major motorcycle manufacturer in the world, and the leading manufacturer of internal combustion engines in the world measured by volume, manufacturing in excess of 14 million internal combustion engines every year. It also became the second-leading automobile manufacturer of Japan in 2001, as well as the eighth biggest automobile producer in the world.
History of the Honda Motor "Automobile"
Honda was founded by Soichiro Honda, a young man, who had an active interest in automobiles. Through financing from his associate Kato Shichirō, Soichiro Honda established the Eastern Sea Precision Machine Company in 1937 to construct piston rings working from the Art Shokai garage. After initial letdowns, his company got an indenture to provide piston rings to Toyota, but it lost the indenture, owing to the deprived quality of their products. Subsequent to attending engineering school lacking graduating, and visiting industrial units around Japan to understand quality control processes of Toyota, Honda was capable of mass-producing piston rings suitable to Toyota in 1941, using an automatic process that could use even unskilled wartime employees.
The Eastern Sea Precision Machine Company was placed under the power of the Ministry of Munitions after 1943 at the beginning of the Second World War, and Soichiro Honda was downgraded to senior managing director from president subsequent to, Toyota assumed a 40% share in the company. The relationships Soichiro developed with workers at Toyota, the Imperial Japanese Navy and the Nakajima Aircraft Company would be involved during the postwar period.
In 1944, the Yamashita plant of the Eastern Sea Precision Machine Company was destroyed by a B-29 bomber attack by the United States, and its Ottawa plant was distorted by the Mikawa earthquake in 1945. Soichiro sold the salvageable leftovers of his company for ¥450,000 to Toyota following the war, and used the income to start the Honda Technical Research Institute during October 1946. With 12 employees, working in a small area of 170 sq ft (16 square meters), they constructed and sold improvised powered bicycles by making use of 500 two-stroke, 50 cc radio generator engines. When the engines ran out of stock, Soichiro started constructing his own duplicate of the Tohatsu engine, and started supplying these to consumers to connect with their bicycles. He nicknamed this Honda Model A as the Bata-Bata. The first absolute motorcycle, with both the structure and engine made by Soichiro Honda, was the first 1949 Model D motorcycle to go with the name Dream. The Honda Motor Company developed within a short time to turn out to be the major manufacturer of motorcycles in the world by 1964.
During 1949, the research institute was shut down for ¥1,000,000 liability, and these funds were utilized to integrate Honda Motor Co., Ltd. At the same time, Soichiro Honda employed engineer Kihachiro Kawashima, and Takeo Fujisawa, a Japanese entrepreneur who co-established Honda Motor Co., Ltd., provided Soichiro the vital business and marketing know-how to balance the technical bent of Soichiro.
The T360 mini pick-up truck was the first vehicle manufactured by Honda that went on auction in August 1963. It is motorized by an undersized 356-cc direct-4 gasoline engine, and it was categorized under the inexpensive Kei van tax bracket. The S500 sports car was the first car manufacture from Honda that followed the T360 mini pick-up truck into production during October 1963. Its chain-driven back wheels pointed to Honda's the motorcycle origin of Honda. The close joint venture between Fujisawa and Soichiro Honda continued until they quit together during October 1973.
Honda then introduced the original all-aluminum monocoque automobile, the Honda NSX supercar in 1991, which included a V6 mid-engine with changeable-valve timing. It is informed that Honda plans to boost hybrid sales in Japan to over 20% of its overall sales in financial year 2011, from 14.8% during the preceding year.
Five of the leading ten most fuel-competent cars of the US Environmental Protection Agency from 1984 to 2010 comes from the Honda Motor Co. The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy has as well, rated the Civic GX model car of Honda as the greenest car in the United States for seven successive years.
During 2013, Honda invested 6.8 billion USD of its income in research and development, and in the same year, the business became the first automaker of Japan to be a net exporter from America.
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