The United States Food and Drug Administration approves the first commercially manufactured birth control pill in the world, Enovid-10, produced by the Chicago-based firm, the G.D. Searle Company. The approval of the first oral birth control pill paved the way for the sexual rebellion of the 1960s.
Development of this birth control pill, as it turned out to be prevalently recognized, was at first commissioned by Margaret Sanger, the birth-control pioneer and financed by Katherine McCormick, an heiress. Margaret Sanger, who started the first birth-control hospital during 1916 in the United States, hoped to promote the growth of a more practical and successful substitute to contraceptives that were in exploiting at the time.
A biochemist, Gregory Pincus, working at the Worcester Foundation intended for Experimental Biology, and a gynecologist, John Rock, at the Harvard Medical School, started working on a birth control pill. Clinical tests of the pill during the early 1950s. They used artificial progesterone and estrogen to suppress ovulation in women, were instigated during 1954. On the 9th of May 1960, the Food and Drug Administration approved the birth control pill, granting superior reproductive liberty to American women.
The United States Food and Drug Administration officially approved a 10 mg version of the Enovid product contraceptive tablet the subsequent month, even though it was not sold. A lower dose of 5 mg Enovid pill was approved during 1961, and it was the first extensively prescribed oral birth control pill.
As the initial non-obstacle contraceptive technique and approximately 100 % successful, the Enovid pill reformed birth control by enabling couples much greater liberty and impulsiveness. Within a short period of six years, the pill has transformed and set free the sex and family life of huge numbers of people and it is still a growing segment of the population of the United States.
The Enovid pill helped pave the way for both the so-called sexual rebellion and the feminism of the next two decades. Several people welcomed the changes, but a few others did not welcome the changes.
Individual states in the United States were not all so fast to support the social changes, which were brought on through birth control. Connecticut, one among the 50 states in the United States had banned the Enovid pill, even for the wedded couples, pending a 1965 ruling by the United States Supreme Court struck down the rule as illegal. According to the high court, the statute was an infringement of solitude rights assured under the 9th and 14th revisions on the secluded grounds.
An analogous event happened in Massachusetts, another state of the United States, where admission to birth control was limited to married couples, and even after that, the pill could be distributed by licensed doctors and pharmacists only. However, later during 1971, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the difference between solos and wedded couples of the state dishonored the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th revision.
However, for many people, the Enovid birth control pill provided liberty, safety and sovereignty. The pill will not cause any side effects when used as the prescription of a registered medical practitioner.