Category: US President
Chest A. Arthur 1881-1885
Chester Alan Arthur was born on the 5th of October in 1829 in Fairfield, Vermont. Chest A. Arthur was the twenty-first President of America, who served the country between the period 1881 and 1885. Chest A. Arthur was chosen president, owing to the assassination of the then acting president, James Garfield. At the beginning, Chest A. Arthur struggled to overcome his status, stemming from his early stages in politics as an American politician from the New York City Republican political organization. Chest A. Arthur succeeded through embracing the source of civil service reform. His support for, and following enforcement of, the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was the showpiece of his management.
Though the birthplace of Chest A. Arthur was Fairfield, Vermont, he grew up in New York City and practiced law in the city. Chest A. Arthur worked as quartermaster general in the New York armed force at the time of the American Civil War. After the war, Chest A. Arthur dedicated some more additional time to Republican politics and rose quickly in the political organization run by Roscoe Conkling, the New York Senator.
Chest A. Arthur was appointed to the profitable and politically influential Collector of the New York Port by Ulysses S. Grant, then President of the United States in 1871. Chest A. Arthur was a staunch supporter of Conkling and the Stalwart group of the Republican Party. In 1878, Rutherford B. Hayes, the new president of the United States fired Arthur as a component of a plan to change the federal support system in the New York City. When James Garfield succeeded the Republican proposal for president during 1880, Chest A. Arthur was proposed for the post of vice president to poise the ticket.
After serving as the American vice president for only six months, Chest A. Arthur set up himself in the executive manor, owing to the assassination of his forerunner. With the revelation of reformers, Chest A. Arthur started the cause of transformation, though it had led to his throwing out of the office on one occasion. Chest A. Arthur passed the Pendleton Act into law and imposed its provisions strongly. Chest A. Arthur gained honor for his rejection of the Rivers and Harbors Act, which would have appropriated central funds in a way he considered excessive. Chest A. Arthur led the Renaissance of the United States Navy, but he was criticized for becoming unsuccessful in alleviating the central budget surplus that had been building up since the conclusion of the Civil War.
As the health of Chest A. Arthur was deteriorating, he made only a limited attempt to get the nomination again during 1884, and he retired from the American politics at the completion of his presidential tenure. Even though his deteriorating health and political nature combined to make his management less energetic than a current presidency, he earned honor in the middle of contemporaries for his high performance in the office. The New York World summarized the presidency of Chest A. Arthur at his bereavement in 1886 as "No responsibility was ignored in his management, and no daring project alarmed the country." An American humorist and author, Mark Twain wrote about Chest A. Arthur as “It would be inflexible indeed to the better administration of President Arthur."
Chest A. Arthur died on the 18th of November in 1886 at the age of 57 in New York City.