Facts about Bulgarian white Pigs. The Bulgarian white Pig is primarily raised in Bulgaria. The Bulgarian White Pigs were developed form the native Bulgarian pigs via crosses with large white pigs and Edelschwein pigs in the early 1900s. In the 1960s, the then Communist Bulgarian government imported large white swine from surrounding nations and Landrace pigs to increase the quality of their Bulgarian white pigs. There are ongoing efforts to improve the feed conversion ratios and fat storage of the Bulgarian White Pig breed by crossing it with other white pig breeds; the Bulgarian white pig has no issues with temperament, parenting ability or stress.
The Bulgarian White Pig were developed as an active and outdoor breed. The Bulgarian White Pig can be raised on green forage like acorns and pastureland or the modern factory farm of today. The large white swine breeds like the Bulgarian white can withstand a rugged climate, but today’s animals are sheltered in barns instead of left out to fend for themselves.
Physical Characteristics of the Bulgarian White Pig
Bulgarian White pigs have white bodies and pronounced snouts. The Bulgarian White Pig do not have spots or marks on their coats and their ears are erect. The Bulgarian White Pig have intermediate length bodies and are not excessively lean. The large white swine from which the Bulgarian white pig is derived is native to England and one of the top breeds in that nation. Large white swine also have erect ears, a trait the Bulgarian white retained. Bulgarian White Pigs are very intelligent, not like people think, that pigs are dumb animals. A Bulgarian White Pig can drink between 10 to 14 gallons (37.8 to 53 liters)of water in a day. The Bulgarian White Pig snout is its most important tool for finding food. The Bulgarian White Pigs snout is used for their excellent sense of smell.
Large whites have slightly dished faces, pink skins and long, deep sides. Large white pigs were raised for their bacon. The Bulgarian White Pig retains the long legs and body of the large white breed.
Bulgarian White pigs daily live weight gain is 27.5 Once (780 grams) for the first three months of life. They have an efficient feed conversion ratio, gaining 2.2 pounds (one kilogram) of weight per 7.2 pounds(3.3 kilograms) of feed. Most other pigs are around 7.7 to 8.8 (3.5 to 4 kilograms) of feed per 2.2 pounds or kilo of weight gained; all pigs are more efficient converters of feed to meat than cattle, who have a ten to one conversion ratio of feed to meat. They do not produce excessive fat, whether slaughtered after weaning or when they are raised to be several hundred pounds.
They are stress resistant compared to other breeds of pigs. Their mean backfat thickness is around 7/8 inches (25 mm). This is higher than average for other white pigs and landrace pigs, and higher than the modern lean pork consumer prefers.
Future of the Bulgarian White Pig
In 2007, an economic report stated that the big breeding sector in Bulgaria was consolidating, with the number of farms declining as the number of animals remained somewhat stable. The native Bulgarian white pig was subject to breeding programs to increase quality of the meat and adaptation to family farms through crossbreeding with other strains of swine.
Bulgarian white pigs crossed with large white pigs and Danish landrace pigs have a higher fertility rate than Bulgarian whites alone. The Bulgarian Danube white pig is fertile, producing ten to twelve piglets per litter and can have 2 to 3 litters a year. Around ten to eleven are born alive per litter. The Bulgarian white swine have good maternal instincts, something unaffected by crossbreeding with the large white breed.Bulgarian White Pigs are omnivores like humans, an omnivores, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants).
Bulgarian White Pigs are raised for there meat such as ham, sausage, bacon and pork chops. Pigs can make great pets. "A wild male pig is called a boar"- meaning uncastrated male pig, that lives in the wild and can be hunted. "Feral pig or hog is defined as a wild boar" can be a very big danger where humans habitat.
Bulgarian White Pigs can carry a variety of diseases and can pass them to humans. Bulgarian White Pigs have small lungs compared to their body size.
The term "Swine: is any variety of omnivorous, even-toed ungulates of the family Suidae, this includes hogs, boars and pigs having a short neck, thick skin a movable snout and a stout body".
Bulgarian White Pigs unlike is said, happen to be very clean animals. Bulgarian White Pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat, lie down and rest, even piglets (baby pigs) will find a place to go to the bathroom, far away from their nest.
Bulgarian white Pigs Feet
The four feet and four toes of the pig are called "trotters" that humans eat as a delicacy called pigs feet or pigs knuckles. A Bulgarian White Pigs foot has four toes that are pointed downwards when the pig walks, it walks on the tips of its toes, rather than its whole foot and only uses two of the toes in the middle and the outside toes for balance. The Bulgarian White Pig has tougher feet at the ends that are hooves. The two toes in the middle of the foot are slightly webbed, this helps the pigs balance for walking.
Bulgarian White Pigs have 44 teeth when full grown, when they are baby pigs (piglets) the have 28 teeth which will fall out when they are 12 months old. Just like human teeth, the Bulgarian White Pig has an enamel coating that makes the Bulgarian White Pigs teeth stronger and helps it curb disease. Bulgarian White Pigs chew their food because pigs have a digestive system similar to a human digestive system and cannot digest food that is not chewed.
A female adult Bulgarian white Pig is called a (sow) and the male adult Bulgarian white Pig is called a (boar).
Bulgarian White Pigs do not sweat a lot, that's why they cover themselves in the mud to keep their bodies cool. The expression "sweating like a pig" comes from a reference to pig iron, which comes form iron smelting.
The saliva of Bulgarian White Pigs contains pheromones-( A chemical substance used to attract a mate) similar to that of other pig breeds that communicate their sexual wants. The male Bulgarian White Pigs discharge this steroid and female pigs will go to vast lengths to acquire a smell of the sent.
"Scientific name for Pig Sus scrofa", the wild swine (Boar) from the old world with a narrow body and prominent tusks is from where most domestic swine come from. The "fear of pigs Swinophobia".