The British Columbia province of Canada is the 6th province of Canada, which is situated on the west shoreline of Canada. The province is also a part of the Pacific Northwest, together with the U.S. states of Washington and Oregon. The name of the province was chosen during 1858 by Queen Victoria, mirroring its origins as the British residue of the Columbia District of the Bay Company in Hudson. It became one among the six provinces of Canada in 1871. The motto of the province is "Splendor without Diminishment".
The capital of British Columbia province is Victoria, the 15th largest city area in Canada. The capital of the province was named after the Queen Victoria, who formed the settlement of British Columbia. According to the 2013 census, the British Columbia province had a predictable 4,606,371 inhabitants. Currently, the province is administered by Premier Christy Clark, the head of the BC Liberal Party, who became the head through a leadership meeting vote on the 26th of February 2011, and who led her political party to an election triumph on the 14th of May 2013.
The British Columbia province developed from British Colonies, which were time-honored in what is currently British Columbia by 1871. The original occupants of the land, the First Nations, had a history of a minimum of 10,000 years in the region. The plan of disregarding First Nations rights and assuming devoid of any sort of arrangement or treaty has been constantly hoisted by First Nations. Nowadays, there are few agreements and the query of Aboriginal Title, long disregarded, has turned out to be a vital legal and political query as a consequence of latest court actions.
The climate of the province promotes outdoor amusement and tourism, although its economic basis has long been resources, such as extraction, chiefly logging, mining and farming. While the shoreline of the province and some valleys in the south-central fraction of the province have gentle weather, most of the land masses of the province experience a chilly-winter-temperate type of weather like that of the remaining parts of Canada. The Northern Interior area of the province has a subarctic type of weather with extremely cold winters.
The economy of British Columbia province is mostly resource-based. The province is the terminus of the transcontinental railways and the location of main Pacific ports that allow international trade. Though below 5% of the enormous 944,735 square kilometers (364,764 square miles) land of the province is arable, it is agriculturally wealthy, particularly in the Okanagan and Fraser valleys, owing to milder climate close to the coast and in some protected southern valleys. Vancouver, which is the largest city and the city area of the province, serves as well, as the head office of several of the western-located natural resource businesses. It also gains from a strong real estate market and it has a per capita income, which is well above the state average.
Given its diverse hilly terrain and its lakes, coasts, forests and rivers, the British Columbia province has long been admired for pursuits, such as camping and hiking, mountaineering and rock climbing, fishing and hunting. Water sports, both non-motorized and motorized, are enjoyed in several places in the British Columbia province. Sea kayaking occasions are plentiful on the British Columbia coastline by means of its fjords. Kayaking and Whitewater rafting are popular on several inland rivers.