Beijing is the capital city of China and it is one among the most heavily populated cities in the world. As of 2013, the population of the city was 21,150,000. The metropolis, situated in the northern part of China, is administered as a direct-controlled metropolis under the national administration, with 14 urban districts and 14 suburban districts and two pastoral counties. Beijing Municipality is bounded by Hebei Province with the exclusion of an adjacent Tianjin Municipality to the southeast. The Beijing City is the second biggest city in China.
The Beijing City has a long and wealthy history that dates back in excess of 3,000 years. Before the amalgamation of China by the first monarch during 221 BC, the city had been the capital of the very old states of Yan and Ji for centuries. During the initial millennia of colonial rule, Beijing was a regional city in the northern part of China. Its importance grew during the 10th century to the 13th century, when the wandering Khitan and forest-lodging Jurchen citizens from past the Great Wall enlarged southward and made the Beijing City a capital of their empires.
The Beijing City has a rather arid monsoon-inclined humid continental type of weather, exemplified by hot, moist summers because of the East Asian monsoon, and usually cold, breezy, arid winters that reproduce the control of the huge Siberian anticyclone. The monthly, every day mean temperature during January is 25.3 F (−3. 7 C), whereas during July it is 79.2 F (26.2 C). Rainfall averages approximately 22.4 inches (570 mm) yearly, with close to the 3/4th of that total raining from June to August. By means of monthly percent likely sunlight, ranging from 47% during July to 65% during January and February, the Beijing City gets 2,671 hours of bright sunlight yearly.
The Beijing City is among the most urbanized cities in China, with tertiary business, comprising 73.2 percent of its gross domestic product. Beijing was the first post manufacturing city in mainland China. The city is the abode to 52 Fortune Global 500 businesses, the majority in the world, and more than 100 of the biggest companies in China. The general economic influence of the city has been titled number 1 by PricewaterhouseCoopers. Finance is one among the vital industries of Beijing. By the end of the year 2007, there were 751 financial businesses in Beijing, producing revenue of 128.6 billion RMB, which is 11.6% of the total financial business revenue of China.
The Beijing City, as a municipality and the capital of China, is a transport center, with a sophisticated system of railways, roads and a key airport. Five accomplished ring roads surround the city by means of nine thruways heading in almost all compass directions, complemented by eleven National Highways of China. Transport in the Beijing City is controlled by the Beijing Civic Commission of Transport.
The Beijing City is home to a huge number of universities and colleges. Due to the status of the city as the cultural and political capital of China, a bigger percentage of tertiary-level institutes are focused here than in any other Chinese city. Several international learners from Korea, Japan, North America, Southeast Asia, Europe, and elsewhere come to the city to study each year. The schools in Beijing are administered by the Ministry of Education of China.
People indigenous to urban Beijing articulate the Beijing language that belongs to the Mandarin section of spoken Chinese. This language is the foundation for Putonghua, the usual spoken lingo used in Taiwan and mainland China, and one among the four authorized languages of Singapore. Rural parts of Beijing Municipality boast their own languages like those of the Hebei region that surrounds the Beijing Municipality.