Austin is the county seat of the Travis County as well as the capital city of the Texas State in the United States. The city is situated in Central Texas in Austin and it is the eleventh most heavily populated city in the country and the 4th most heavily populated city in the state. It was the 3rd fastest-developing big city in the country from 2000 to 2006. The Austin City is also the second major state capital in the country. According to the Census Bureau estimate of the United States, the city had a population of 885,400 as of the 1st of July 2013. The city is the economic and cultural hub of the Austin–Round Rock city area, which had a predictable population of 1,883,051 on the 1st of July 2013.
Pioneers started settling the region in central Austin during the 1830s in the length of the Colorado River. Subsequently, Mirabeau B. Lamar, the Vice President of the Republic of Texas visited the region during a buffalo-hunting voyage between 1837 and 1838. Mirabeau proposed that the capital of the Republic of Texas then situated in Houston, be moved to the region, situated on the northern bank of the Colorado River close to the current Congress Avenue Bridge. The place was formally chosen as the new capital of the republic during 1839 and it was included with the name Waterloo. Within a short period thereafter, the name was again changed to Austin in respect of the "Father of Texas" Stephen F. Austin, and the first secretary of the republic of the state.
The Austin City grew all through the 19th century and turned out to be a major hub for government and education, with the formation of the University of Texas and the Texas State Capitol in Austin. Subsequent to a break in development from the Great Depression, the city resumed its growth into a main city and it materialized as a hub for business and technology in the 1980s. Many Fortune 500 companies have their regional offices or head offices in Austin, including Apple Inc., eBay, Advanced Micro Devices, Google, Intel, IBM, Texas Instruments, Oracle Corporation, 3M, and Whole Foods Market. The global headquarters of Dell is situated in Round Rock, a village of Austin.
Inhabitants of Austin are called as Austinites, who comprise a varied mix of government workers, such as university faculty and staff, political staffers, law enforcement, domestic and foreign college students, high-tech workers, musicians, business people and blue-collar staff. The city is an abode to the development centers for a lot of technology corporations and in the 1990s, and it was nicknamed as the "Silicon Hills". However, the present official slogan of Austin promotes the city as "The Live Music Capital of the World", an indication to the several musicians and live music spots within the region, and the long-functioning PBS TV performance series called Austin City Limits.
Nowadays, some inhabitants of Austin have adopted the informal slogan "Keep Austin Weird", as well. This understanding of the typical, "Texas-style" logic of self-government refers to a wish to defend small, distinctive, local companies from being infested by big companies. The Austin City also turned out to be recognized as the City of the "Violet Crown" during the late 1800s for the wintertime violet shine of color across the mounts just subsequent to sunset. A lot of Austin companies use the word "violet crown" even today in their name. Austin is recognized as a "clean air city" for the strict no-smoking rules of the city, which apply to all buildings and public places, as well as bars and restaurants. The FBI rated Austin as the second safest foremost city in the United States for the year 2012