Facts about Arapawa Island Pigs. The Arapawa Island Pig is an untamed domestic pig breed that is native to New Zealand. The Arapawa Island Pigs are largely found on the Arapawa Island in the sea-covered valleys, Marlborough Sounds in New Zealand. A female adult Arapawa Island Pig is called a (sow) and the male adult Arapawa Island Pig is called a (boar).
Even though the Arapawa Island Pig breeds are the offspring of pigs introduced to the region by a British navigator, explorer, captain and cartographer, James Cook during the period from 1773 to 1777, the Arapawa Island Pig actually derive from the domestic pig of Oxfordshire, the Oxford Sandy and Black. The Arapawa Island breed stock was brought to the Arapawa Island by Te Awaiti whaling station whalers, established during 1827 by a working whaler and one among the first European settlers in the South Island of New Zealand, John Guard. The Arapawa Island Pig are recognized to have occupied the island ever since 1839. During 1998, four piglets were eliminated from the island and have since developed successfully.
Features of Arapawa Island Pig
Arapawa Island Pigs are very intelligent, not like people think, that pigs are dumb animals. Arapawa Island Pigs are omnivores like humans, an omnivores, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants). The Arapawa Island pig breed approximately went extinct during the 1990s in their native land, but four strong piglets were captured from the untamed and created the center of a small mainland propagation program. Currently, with other pig types as well, being brought into the island, the Arapawa Island Pig breed experiences a rivalry that could get rid of its insecurely small gene pool.
The Arapawa Island Pig has reverted to a wild category that is fairly covered with hair and contains a mane. The Arapawa Island Pigs are bigger, and contain smaller tails and noses when compared to other pig breeds. However, the Arapawa Island Pig is smaller, with a more sluggish growth rate when compared to non-feral domesticated pigs. Swine: is any variety of omnivorous, even-toed ungulates of the family Suidae, this includes hogs, boars and pigs having a short neck, thick skin a movable snout and a stout body.
The four feet and four toes of the Arapawa Island Pig are called "trotters" that humans eat as a delicacy called pigs feet or pigs knuckles. An Arapawa Island Pigs foot has four toes that are pointed downwards when the pig walks it walks on the tips of its toes, rather than its whole foot and only uses two of the toes and the outside toes for balance. The Arapawa Island Pig has tougher feet at the ends that are hooves. The two toes in the middle of the foot are slightly webbed that helps the Arapawa Island Pigs balance for walking.
A Arapawa Island Pig can drink 14 gallons of water in a day. The body color of the Arapawa Island Pig is principally tan or sandy in color, habitually with black color patches. The male Arapawa Island Pigs are heavier than the females, with the body weight that ranges from 264 lbs to 398 lbs (120 kg to 180 kg), whereas the females weigh between 176 lbs and 220 lbs (80 kg and 100 kg). The Arapawa Island Pig breed has an elongated face and nose, with tiny, pricked ears, but it does not have wattles. The pig has broad shoulders and the male Arapawa Island Pigs have a weighty shield. The skin of both male and female pigs is hard and thick, with a high-quality crop of mane and hair. Though the Arapawa Island Pigs are extremely alert, they do not boast a violent nature.
As the Arapawa Island Pigs were reverted to wild category, domestic feeding and breeding continues, the category may well change to look like domestic category, which means that the Arapawa Island Pigs have a bigger back end, less hair, longer back, and no mane. The Arapawa Island Pigs have a medium size neck and a smaller back with clopping or level ears. The Arapawa Island Pig breeds have an elongated, straight tail, which is covered with hair.
The legs of the Arapawa Island Pig are well set and straight, with medium pasterns with well set toes. The Arapawa Island Pigs also come in combination of white, black and red colors, offering their body a sandy look, with white spots as the main color, but black and, or red color spots will also exist.
The average lifespan of the Arapawa Island Pig ranges from 12 years to 16 years.
The Arapawa Island Pig snout is its most important tool for finding food. The Arapawa Island Pigs snout is used for their excellent sense of smell.
Arapawa Island Pigs are raised for there meat such as ham, sausage, bacon and pork chops. Pigs can make great pets. A wild pig is called a (boar) that lives in the wild and can be hunted. Feral pigs (means wild) can be a very big danger where humans habitat. Arapawa Island Pigs can carry a variety of diseases and can pass them to humans. Arapawa Island Pigs have small lungs compared to their body size.
Arapawa Island Pigs unlike is said, happen to be very clean animals. Arapawa Island Pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat, lie down and rest, even piglets (baby pigs) will find a place to go to the bathroom, far away from their nest. A Arapawa Island Pig averages 6 to 10 baby piglets in a litter and will have two to three litters per year
Arapawa Island Pigs have 44 teeth when full grown, when they are baby pigs (piglets) the have 28 teeth which will fall out when they are 12 months old. Just like human teeth, the Arapawa Island Pig has an enamel coating that makes the pigs teeth stronger and helps it curb disease. Arapawa Island Pigs chew their food because pigs have a digestive system similar to a human digestive system and cannot digest food that is not chewed.
The Mini Maialino is the smallest breed of pig. Truffle Mushroom hunters in France and Italy use pigs to hunt Truffle Mushrooms because of there keen sense of smell, the problem is that, sometimes if the hunter doesn't grab the mushrooms in time, the pig will eat it. Sometimes certain dogs are used instead of pigs. The scientific name for Pig (Sus scrofa), the wild swine (Boar) from the old world with a narrow body and prominent tusks is from where most domestic swine come from and introduced in the United States and bred to what we have as today's pig. The "fear of pigs Swinophobia".